The central government brought 3 new agricultural bills in September, which have become law after the President’s approval. But farmers are not getting these laws. He says that these laws will harm farmers and benefit private buyers and big corporate houses. Farmers also fear that the minimum support price of the crop will end.
- Amid a controversy over the minimum support price (MSP) of the Modi government’s new agriculture law, it is necessary to understand which state is making government purchases of its produce from farmers.
- How many farmers are availing from this? According to a report by the Agricultural Costs and Prices Commission (CACP), wheat, the major Rabi season crop, has been purchased at MSP from only 43.3 lakh farmers across the country this year.
This figure is also the highest in five years. The rest of the farmers are dependent on the private sector. In this year (2020-21), Haryana and Punjab have reduced appropriation. After the new agricultural regulations, the breeders of these two states are worrying that procurement will not decrease further next year.
The government has not written anywhere in the bill to exclude individuals, but its impact can slay the man. The farmer is terrified after imagining it. That is why the aristocrats are also being scared. On this argument, the farmer and the agent are united. They believe that the mandis will be saved only then the farmer will be able to sell his produce on MSP therein.
- This bill has been seen to create ‘One Country to Market’. Because tax will be paid inside the mandis and there will be no tax outside the mandis.
- Right now, in the agricultural trade which the government has arranged outside the market, the businessman will not have to pay any tax.
- Whereas, on an aggregate, Mandi tax is levied within the market up to 6-7 per cent.
- It is being argued on behalf of the farmers that the agent or businessman will buy out of the mandi without losing his 6-7 per cent tax.
- Where he does not have to pay any tax. Mandi system will be discouraged by this decision. If the mandi committee is weak then the farmer will slowly go to the market. Where its yield can be found more than the government fixed rate and less also.
Amidst this concern of tenants, the state governments – especially Punjab and Haryana – are fearing that if private clients buy grain undeviatingly from the farmers, they will lose the tax they get in the mandis. Both states get a hefty tax from the mandis, which they use in development work. However, there is BJP rule in Haryana, so the ruling leaders here are silent on this matter.
- A bill is related to contract to farm. In this, the right of the farmers to go to court has been taken away.
- The SDM will decide in case of a conflict between the organisations and the farmers. His appeal will be to the DM and not to the court.
- The farmers do not believe in DM, SDM because they feel that the people sitting in both these positions are like pawns of the power. They never talk about the interest of farmers.