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Agriculture

Locust in India

Nearly 90 thousand hectares of crops have been devastated by the most terrible attack of locust parties in the country after 26 years. This assessment has been released on the basis of 20 districts of Rajasthan. In such a situation, the number of crops and greenery that is in the grip of grasshopper parties is certain to increase further. Apart from Rajasthan, locust parties are under attack in Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh and Maharashtra.

  • Delhi, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Telangana, Odisha and Karnataka issued alerts on Thursday. But the most alarming warning has been given by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations (UN). The FAO has warned the locust parties to reach Bihar, Odisha and return to Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, and Rajasthan in July with monsoon winds.
  • Officials in Rajasthan told on Thursday that grasshopper groups spread their terror in about 20 states, including the capital Jaipur, after entering the state from Pakistan. In the assessment so far, 90 thousand hectares of crops and greenery have been damaged in these districts.

MP government will distribute compensation to farmers, police sirens played in Panna

  • Madhya Pradesh Minister of State for Agriculture Kamal Patel said on Thursday that the government was preparing to declare the grasshopper attacks a natural disaster. After this, farmers will be compensated for the loss by conducting a survey. He said the government is planning to destroy grasshoppers as well as their eggs for long-term relief. Consultation with scientists is being done for this. On the other hand, in the Tiger Reserve of Panna district, grasshopper parties were tried to drive away by scaring the noise of police sirens.

Mango crop affected in Bhandara, Maharashtra, and grasshopper team returned to Madhya Pradesh

  • A large number of locust teams have arrived in Balaghat district of Madhya Pradesh on Thursday after flying from Bhandara district in eastern Maharashtra. Earlier, he damaged mango crop in Temani village of Bhandara district in about one-kilometre area.
  • Divisional Joint Agricultural Director Ravi Bhosle said that on Thursday morning, the teams of the Agriculture Department reached the village and sprayed them away. Around one o’clock in the afternoon, he was seen in Sondaya village of Tumsar tehsil of Bhandara district.
  • From there, crossing the Bavanthadi river, they reached Balaghat. He told that the districts of Palghar and Gondia have been kept on high alert due to the possibility of locust parties entering the state again. 

Before the monsoon, the grasshopper eggs will also have to be destroyed.

Locust parties that have reached nearly 50 districts of the country do not seem to be wreaking havoc. The Locust Warning Organization (LWO) of the Union Ministry of Agriculture has warned that even bigger problem than the current locust problem may be the new breed of locusts.

LWO Deputy Director K L Gurjar reports that an adult female grasshopper lays 80 to 90 eggs three times in its three-month life cycle. If these eggs are not destroyed, 4 to 8 crores locusts will appear in a herd per square kilometre.

Farmers’ Kharif crop is also ready during July, August and September, which this locust team can crack in the initiative. He said that once the monsoon starts in the empty fields, they will start breeding on a large scale. Their new breed will cause trouble due to laying eggs in empty fields. Because the order of laying their eggs will continue for two more months. Due to which the time will be almost the same for the Kharif crop to be upgraded and a new generation of locusts.

Fill the fields with water: Scientists have advised keeping the fields filled with water to destroy the eggs. In addition, they can be destroyed by spraying pesticides in time.

1.5 million acres of the desolate crop since December

  1. According to an estimate, in the six states of the country, since December last year, about 10 to 1.5 million acres of crops have been damaged due to these locusts, while according to the government data, about one lakh acres of cotton, pulses, oilseeds so far. And the yield of vegetables and fruits produced in summer has become a victim of grasshopper attack. The April attack did not have much impact on the crops because most places had been harvested and the fields were not sown.
  2. The Delhi government has started taking necessary steps in view of the possibility of a locust attack. Delhi cabinet minister Gopal Rai has directed all revenue commissioners, district magistrates, the three MCDs and NDMC to be on the alert by issuing advisories. He has directed the Department of Agriculture and Horticulture to make farmers aware of the damage caused by the potential attack of locusts with the spraying of medicines.
  3. Gopal Rai issued a statement saying that the locust of terrorists is spread in many states of the country. In view of this, we have issued an advisory to all Revenue Commissioners, District Magistrates, three MCDs and NDMC of Delhi to take all necessary steps two days in advance. We have alerted all the departments concerned.
  4. They have been instructed to spray medicines. Along with the farmers, there is horticulture all over Delhi. Locusts can attack plants, nurseries, etc. There is a possibility of loss from his attack. In view of this, guidelines have been issued to other departments including Agriculture and Horticulture of Delhi.
  5. Gopal Rai said that we have also held a meeting with the officials, in which many instructions have been given. The officers of the departments have been made its nodal officer. Those officers will be in touch with everyone. Along with this, we are monitoring the preparations, so that the farmers of Delhi and the people of Delhi can be saved from the attacks of locusts. The Agriculture Department and the concerned department have been instructed to make farmers aware in this regard. 

Locusts have reached India via Pakistan

Locusts have been under attack in India for the last 20 years. Last year too, it caused heavy losses in India. The largest locust attack in the country was in 1993. In subsequent years, a large number of locusts have been coming from it, but due to the promptness of the government, the loss was not much. This time these locusts have reached India via Iran via Pakistan. First, they damaged crops in Punjab and Rajasthan and now this team has reached Jhans.

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